Engineers' Salaries in Germany: A Comprehensive Guide (2023)


In the dynamic landscape of engineering careers in Germany, understanding the intricacies of salaries is crucial for both aspiring engineers and industry professionals. This comprehensive guide delves into the nuances of engineering salaries, exploring entry-level earnings, the impact of experience, academic pursuits, industry differentials, and regional variations.

Entry-Level Salaries

The Association of German Engineers (VDI) reports an average entry-level engineering salary of €52,449 per year in 2022. However, variations exist based on factors such as position, industry, education level, and regional placement within Germany.

Entry-Level Salaries by Education Level

Early career earnings significantly hinge on educational attainment:

  • Bachelor’s (University of Applied Sciences): €47,600
  • Bachelor’s (University/Institute of Technology): €48,400
  • Master’s (University of Applied Sciences): €53,298
  • Master’s (University/Institute of Technology): €53,750
  • Diploma (University of Applied Sciences): €36,300
  • Diploma (University/Institute of Technology): €51,000

(Source: VDI salary analysis 2022 © academics)

Salary Development with Experience

Experience plays a pivotal role in salary progression for engineers in Germany:

  • 1–2 years: €52,972
  • 3–5 years: €60,000
  • 6–10 years: €69,800
  • 11–15 years: €76,091
  • 16–20 years: €85,390

(Source: VDI salary analysis 2022)

Academic Salaries

Engineers opting for academic careers follow the Collective Agreement for Public Service Workers (TVöD) or Collective Agreement for the States (TV-L):

  • Doctoral Candidates and Postdocs (Salary Group 13 E13): €4,200–€6,100 per month
  • Professors (W Salary Scale):
    • W1 (Junior Professors): €4,600–€5,300
    • W2 (Professors): €5,700–€7,000
    • W3 (Professors in Management Positions): €6,500–€8,000

Industry Impact on Salaries

Salaries vary across industries, with notable differences:

  • Chemical and Pharmaceutical: €73,225–€84,150
  • Vehicle Manufacturing: €65,000–€83,000
  • Energy: €60,372–€79,150
  • Electronics: €63,988–€74,561

(Source: VDI salary analysis 2022 © academics)

Company Size and Salaries

Company size correlates with salary differences:

  • Small Companies (≤1,000 employees): €50,000 (average entry-level salary)
  • Large Companies (>1,000 employees): €55,000 (average entry-level salary)

Regional Variances

Salaries vary by region, with some of the highest incomes found in:

  • Stuttgart: €74,785
  • Munich: €70,000
  • Frankfurt (Main): €71,840

(All data sourced from VDI salary analysis 2022)


Understanding the multifaceted landscape of engineering salaries in Germany is pivotal for professionals and those entering the field. Aspiring engineers should consider factors like education, experience, industry, company size, and region when evaluating potential earnings. This comprehensive guide provides a valuable roadmap for navigating the intricacies of engineering salaries in Germany, ensuring informed decisions for both job seekers and industry players.


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